Disorders of temporomandibular joint 

The temporomandibular joints, commonly called the TMJ are on each side of the head, just in front of the ears. Movement of the TMJ allows us to open and close our mouths in order to do a variety of things such as sing, speak, yawn and chew. There are numerous ligaments and muscles that attach to the bones of the TMJ and an important part of the TMJ is the articular disc within the joint.

In the background of disordres of TMJ many causes can be, but the reason is usually the combination of this factors.

  • trauma
  • teeth clenching and grinding
  • poor neck posture
  • degeneration
  • psychological stress

What are the symptoms of the disorders of TMJ?

  • clicking, popping, grinding or grating sounds when moving the jaw
  • pain or aching in the jaw bone, jaw muscle
  • difficulty opening/closing the mouth or moving the jaw
  • nighttime bruxism
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • ringing in the air (tinnitus)
  • pain in the teeth

Physiotherapy for the disorders of TMJ

  • triggerpoint therapy to alleviate the tension in the muscles
  • physiotherapy (relaxation techniques, mobilization, strenthening the postural and core muscles)
  • electrotherapy
  • ultrasound therapy
  • postural education

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